Student in biology lab

To minor in Biology students must successfully complete a six-course sequence that consists of the following:

Required, Core Courses (2):

    Introductory Biology (Mechanisms of Life I and II): BIOL 105/115 and 106/116 

Elective Courses (4):

    The four elective courses may be selected from the list below. Some courses may have prerequisites.

    BIOL 223 Microbiology
    BIOL 232 and 233 Human Anatomy and Physiology I and II
    BIOL 307 Genetics
    BIOL 418 Physiology
    BIOL 449 General Microbiology
    BIOL 454 Biochemistry
    BIOL 538 Gene Organization and Expression
    BIOL 544 Enzyme Catalysis and Regulation
    BIOL 555 Rational Drug Design
    BIOL 559 Cell Structure and Function
    BIOL 563 Developmental Biology
    BIOL 565 Model Organisms and Human Disease
    BIOL 566 Immunology
    BIOL 572 GPPM (Genomics, Proteomics, and Personalized Medicine)
    BIOL 574 Virology
    BIOL 576 Comparative Metabolism
    BIOL 579 Principles and Practice of Biotechnology
    BIOL 580 Entrepreneurial Biotechnology
    BIOL 581 Essentials of Biotechnology Project Management
    BIOL 583 Regulatory Processes for Domestic and Global Biotechnology
    BIOL 586 Molecular Genetics and Recombinant DNA
    BIOL 596 Computational Genomics
    BIOL 597 Fundamentals of Statistics in Biology, Medicine, and Biotechnology
    BIOL 598 Membrane Trafficking and Disease
    BIOL 599 Signal Transduction and Biomembranes

In addition to this list of electives, it may be possible to substitute other courses, provided that they are officially approved by the Department of Biology. Students seeking such approval should submit a request by email to Ms. Ficke (, providing the name and number of the course, the school at which it is to be taken, a catalog description of the course, and a copy of the syllabus. The student should also stipulate the reason for wishing to substitute this course for one of the standard electives.